We will probably still stick to good old chemical rockets for some while. Humanity is just not ready yet for such a dedication. Nonetheless, if we ever really want to become an interplanetary species we’ll have to adapt.

Since Konstantin Tsiolkovsky formulated the rocket equation around the beginning of the 20th century, rocketry has come a long way; the short history of rocket propulsion leads us along the V2 rockets used during World War II, the first artificial satellite Sputnik launched by the former Soviet Union, the Apollo missions that put the first human on the Moon and SpaceX that…


One thing is sure; the airliners of the future will be different in the good sense of the word.

Though the first airplane only flew a little bit more than a century ago, today it is impossible to picture a world without them. Image needing to defy the oceans for a couple of weeks to be able to go on a vacation on the other side of the world. It turned the world into a smaller and more open place. It brought prosperity and economic growth. However, at the same time the downsides should be acknowledged; it is no secret…


Booking a flight to the Moon is not that much more difficult than booking one to New York.

A lot can happen over a hundred years. Computers, internet, airplanes, cars, housing, healthcare; only some of the things that were invented or changed dramatically over the last century. Today, technological advancements happen at an unimaginable pace which means that in another hundred years, everything might look completely different again. This may also be the case for the Moon. For millions of years, the Moon has virtually not changed its appearance. With humankind now poised to permanently establish its presence on the…


When young kids see a rocket rise up, starting its journey to Mars, they might get inspired.

During the 60’s and 70’s space exploration was hot. First we would visit the Moon, quickly go on to Mars and then the rest of the universe, so to speak. Not just space enthusiasts were exhilarated but almost everybody was. Leaving this planet seemed a logical next step. Fast forward fifty years; a new interest in space exploration has emerged. …


It’s the year 2087. Lunar technology engineer Isaac is doing his daily round in solar section S-127 of the Luna Ring. The central computer indicates a problem with solar array SP-127–3547 to which he is under way at the moment. Probably just a defect fuse as usual. He looks at the information inside his helmet; still half an hour until he reaches the defect array. Isaac did not really mind these long traveling times. He likes his daily drives past the endless rows of shining structures. Thirty minutes later he arrives at the defect array. After only twenty minutes it…


This illustrates a sad energy paradox; enormous amounts of sustainable energy resides around us but we struggle to effectively harvest it.

Over the last century, humanities energy consumption has grown exponentially due to rapid advancements in technology and living standards. Although the world is slowly trying to shift to more sustainable resources , today the majority of the vast energy demand is still met with fossil fuels. Besides the environmental impact, using oil and gas as fuel is a waste of precious raw materials. Certainly when you consider the immense potential of sustainable resources in comparison. The sun delivers more…


“Say you’ve got a bunch of new camping equipment. If you’re smart, you’re going to learn how to use that in your backyard. You’re not going to go, say, out to Mount Everest and try to figure out how to work this stuff.”

An artist impression of a future moon base. Picture by NASA.

The moon has been Earth’s loyal companion for a couple of billion years. It helped shape life and enabling it by creating stable conditions through the ages. During the second half of the 20th century, men ventured to reach and land on it. Successfully so multiple times during the Apollo missions. After that, broad interest in the…

Andreas Verbruggen

Aerospace Engineering student. Interested in space exploration, AV’s and technology.

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